عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the issue of cooperation and togetherness is very important and necessary considering the current situation in the Sistan region. Sistan region suffers from problems such as unemployment, lack of sustainable employment and reduction of water resources and stagnation of the agricultural sector. The implementation of rural cooperative business in rural areas prevents the loss of capital and benefits of rural areas. The implementation of cooperative business is also a good opportunity for educated people in the village to use their education for rural development and rural economic growth. So considering the importance of this issue, which is derived from the research priorities of the General Directorate of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare of Sistan and Baluchestan Province, The purpose of this study was to identify the problems of business development of cooperatives in the villages of Sistan region.In this regard, 20 questionnaires based on 68 options and 13 indicators were developed by experts of the General Department of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare of Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Rural Cooperatives of Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Zahedan Insurance Offices and professors of Sistan and Baluchestan University. For this purpose, Gray Theory (GRA) technique and GRA solver 2015 software were used to extract the results. According to the results, the most important obstacles and problems of cooperatives in Sistan region are Lack of liquidity to raise working capital, which is the first priority. In addition, the lack of a proper cultural context to promote the spirit of cooperation is a second priority. On the other hand, the lack of familiarity of university graduates with the structure and method of activity in cooperatives and the lack of counseling centers to guide and solve the unemployment problems of cooperatives is the third priority. Therefore, according to the results, it is necessary to rebuild the business development infrastructure of cooperatives in the region in order to remove obstacles.