عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic urban and rural councils and upper-hand councils are among special fundamental institution in Islamic republic of Iran that have been founded based on the system of decentralization. Despite the particular importance attached to Islamic councils by constitutions and ordinary laws and the fact that this newly establish has had opportunities and capacities for doing its duties and powers, this councils have faced several challenges in the face of those opportunities.in this respect legal obstacles of councils can be studied separately in terms of structure and organization. Conflict articles of constitutions concerning structure and status of Islamic councils and the lake of necessary features for a local institution in ordinary laws are considered as one of the most fundamental structural barriers facing Islamic councils. It seems necessary for the guardian council to provide an interpretation of the constitution in line with relegation of decision making and administration of local affairs to councils, using legal capacities of councils present and effort of Islamic council assembly in enacting of appropriate laws in line with reinforcing the position of council.