عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the general guidelines for reducing unemployment is creating jobs and participating people in economic activities and developing cooperatives. Enabling cooperative sector by relying on the academic capability of university graduates will increasingly lead to presence in global markets and opening economic borders. So among the three sectors of cooperation, public and private, cooperative companies can be an appropriate method for employment and attraction of graduates. The current study investigates the tendency of student groups to join Entrepreneur cooperatives and factors affecting this phenomenon in two universities of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz and Public University of Tabriz. For this purpose, after familiarity with cooperatives and related theories, sample size of 378 (Islamic Azad University of Tabriz) and 376 (University of Tabriz) was determined using the Cochran formula person with a stratified, systematic and random sampling method. Survey and documents method were used for gathering data. Data were processed with SPSS software.
The results show that there is a significant relationship between independent variables (social participation, social trust, social cohesion, needs satisfaction and individual characteristics) and dependent variable (tendency of student groups to join entrepreneur cooperatives). There is significant difference (with reliability of 99%) between the two groups (students of Azad and National University) in terms of tendency to join entrepreneur cooperatives. This tendency is higher among Azad university students in comparison with public university students.